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July 27 2011 4 27 /07 /July /2011 10:29

Drawing cars can be very difficult when you do not know how. In this article, we look at how to draw a car, specifically the Italian super car, a Ferrari in easy "how to draw" step-by-step instructions.

The frame

Before we start the Ferrari drawing, you have to know the car. Ferrari make sport cars and therefore, the length and the height ratio is different from a normal car. Make sure that you have a picture of a Ferrari in front of you before drawing because it can be very complicated to draw. Start by drawing out the lines for the frame of the car and circles for the Ferrari's wheels. Draw out thin lines and do it in pencil so that it can be removed easily in the later step.

Roof and wheels

Now, we need to draw the roof, hood, and wheel of the car. Draw some gentle curve lines to form the car body. This is an important step as it determines the shape of your car and what it will look like at the end. Make sure you apply the curved shape to the bonnet as well and rub out the lines from the original frame. Draw another two smaller circles inside of the wheels to make them look more pimped out.

The doors

The next step is to draw the Ferrari's car door. Since it is a 2D drawing, you will only need to draw one door as the Ferrari on which we are basing ourselves is only a two-door car. Base the shape and style of your door on what you have on your own picture of a Ferrari as they vary from model to model.

Body lines

Now, you need to draw the body line. Follow your own picture to know where the exact lines go on your car. Make sure that you do place two lines at the car's front end and also a small square box on the bonnet to make it look sporty. Add a small exhaust pipe sticking out of the end of the car, small circles for wing mirrors and a small circle towards the rear of the car for a petrol cap.

Completing the car

In order to complete your car, add any extra accessories that you want to put onto your car and colour it in whichever colour you like.

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July 26 2011 3 26 /07 /July /2011 08:21

Optical illusions are characterised by perceived images that differ from objective reality. Information that is given to the eye is processed by the brain to give a perception of reality. Sometimes, the brain gets things slightly confused and this results in it interpreting things differently to how they actually are. There are a number of famous optical illusions and this article details five of them.

The Chubb illusion

The Chubb illusion is an optical illusion in which the apparent brightness of an object varies dramatically depending on how it is presented. For instance, a dark object surrounded by darker objects may appear brighter than an actually brighter object, surrounded by even brighter objects. This was observed and documented by Chubb and colleagues in 1989.

The Hermann grid illusion

The Hermann grid illusion is a very cool optical illusion that produces the illusion that there are grey spots or squares at the intersections of black squares within the grid. This works as the eye struggles to separate the black colour of the squares from the white intersections resulting in white blurs in between the squares.

The Hering illusion

The Hering illusion is an optical illusion discovered by the German physiologist Ewald Hering in 1861. It consists of two straight horizontal lines that look as if they are bowed outwards. This distortion is produced by the lined pattern on the background that simulates a perspective design, and creates a false impression of depth. When looking at this illusion you may note that the thinner straight line appears more bowed than the thicker straight line.

The Jastraw illusion

The Jastrow illusion is an optical illusion discovered by the American psychologist Joseph Jastrow in 1889. In the illusion, two figures appear that are identical to each other with one sat upon the other. The illusion gives the impression that the lower figure appears to be larger than the one sat above.

The Ebbinghaus illusion

The Ebbinghaus illusion is named after its discoverer, Hermann Ebbinghaus and is an optical illusion of relative size perception. If two circles of identical size are placed next to each other and one is surrounded by large circles and the other is surrounded by small circles, then the second central circle will appear smaller than the first central circle.

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July 22 2011 6 22 /07 /July /2011 09:11

Drawing cartoon people can be simple and easy when you know how to go about doing it. This article explains in simple step-by-step instructions how to do this.

Guidelines

When drawing anything, it is always a good idea to draw out guidelines first. Make sure that you draw these out in pencil so that you can erase the lines out when required. When drawing a cartoon person, it is important to draw symmetrical guidelines. First of all, draw a centre line down the centre of the page followed by a stick man. The man's body should form the basis of the centre line, with the arms leg and head coming out of it. Make sure that it is just a simple stick man and it will be easy to follow.

Hands and feet

Next come the hands and feet. When drawing a cartoon character, remember that drawings of people do not have to be realistic. Therefore, we can keep the hands and feet simple. So, start off by drawing simple circle shapes. Keep them in proportion with the stick person and keep them symmetrical with the arm and leg line coming directly in to the middle of the circles.

The body

Now, it's time to draw the body and turn those sticks into a body, arms and legs. Go over each of the four lines that make up the body of your stick person by drawing rectangles of equal size and positioning them directly over each line. Continue drawing the rectangles or any other shapes over the lines of the stick person or anything else that may have been included in the picture.Think of it as adding the muscles and organs on top of a human skeleton.

Completing the body

In order to make this stick man look like a proper cartoon character, you now need to join up the rectangle shapes to form one big shape. Now that this has been done, you can erase the centre line and go over the other lines using a pen in order to make them permanent.

Finishing off

Now finish the cartoon man off by adding your own unique element to it. Draw your own facial expressions in and add clothing if you wish. The best way to do this is by choosing your own colours when colouring in and deciding on different colours for each item of clothing.

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July 20 2011 4 20 /07 /July /2011 08:12

Sponge Bob Square Pants is one of the most popular children cartoon characters and is fairly simple to draw. This article explains how you can draw pictures of Sponge Bob and impress all of your friends and demonstrate that you don't need to know how to sketch in order to be able to draw Nickelodeon cartoons.

Guidelines

It is always advised when drawing a picture of a cartoon character, or anything for that matter, that you have a picture of what you are drawing in front of you in order to follow it as a template.

Start off by drawing guidelines for Sponge Bob. These should be drawn in pencil so that they can be rubbed out later on. Fairly obviously, start off by drawing a rectangle box shape followed by a line directly down the middle of the box.

Then add two lines to form the basis of his legs.

The face

Draw big round circles either side of the line that you have drawn down the middle of the box. Make them nice and big and have them both joining the line.

At the bottom of the legs, draw long circles for Sponge Bob's feet followed by long circles at the side of the box for Sponge Bob's arms.

The eyes

In order to develop the eyes, draw two smaller circles within the circles that you have already drawn to form Sponge Bob's pupils.

Then, add a finger shape pointing out to the left followed by a crescent shape just below the nose to form Sponge Bob's nose.

Make the crescent in the shape to look like a smile.

Facial detail

Draw a larger crescent below the first crescent to form the mouth followed by two squares directly at the top of the mouth for Sponge Bob's teeth.

At the corners of the mouth, draw two half circles to form Sponge Bob's cheeks in order to enhance the look of the smile.

Finally for the eyes, add three short lines at the top to make Sponge Bob's eyelashes

The 3D look

To add the 3D look, add three further lines at the back of the box with the line at the back of Sponge Bob joined up by two slightly slanted lines at the top and bottom of Sponge Bob.

Follow these by wobbly circular shapes to make the box shape look like a sponge whilst making the previous guidelines for the box wobbly.

Last step

Finally, we need to draw in Sponge Bob's suit. All you have to do is to draw a tie and his collar followed by a little bit for Sponge Bob's shorts. This can be matched to the picture of Sponge Bob that you were using as a template.

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